Female editors in Russian Cinema:
Vera Dmitrievna Popova-Khanzhonkova


  • Николай Изволов НИИК ВГИК




Vera Popova-Khanzhonkova, Dziga Vertov, Sergei Ėizenshtein, Il’ia Kopalin, Lev Kuleshov, Evgenii Bauėr, Ėsfir’ Shub, Elizaveta Svilova, Lev Felonov, Pathè, Gosfil’mofond, frame, montage, cutter, female cutter, “film gluer”, splice, director


This article describes the influential professional life of editor Vera Khanzonkova (born Popova). It draws on documents, memoirs, and knowledge of historical working conditions in the emergent film industries in the early 20th century, to reveal Popova's significance to evolution of filmmaking practices from pre-revolutionary Russia through reconstructions in in Gosfil’mofond after the war.  The different words used for roles and actions of women working in editing positions, such as cutter (montazhnitsa) and "gluer" (skleishchitsa) are defined and compared. By recuperating the centrality of Vera Popova-Khanzonkova to the work of widely known directors, this article suggests the necessity to develop a theory of woman editors as essential to, and significant within, the work of Soviet Avant-Garde directors such as Kuleshov, Eisenstein, and Vertov.

Author Biography

Николай Изволов, НИИК ВГИК

Заведующий историко-теоретическим отделом НИИК ВГИК



How to Cite

Изволов, Николай. 2018. “Female Editors in Russian Cinema: Vera Dmitrievna Popova-Khanzhonkova”. Apparatus. Film, Media and Digital Cultures of Central and Eastern Europe, no. 6 (August). https://doi.org/10.17892/app.2018.0006.112.

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