The Formation of the Film Business in Ukraine (1896–1916)
Keywords:Ukraine, history of Ukrainian cinema, cinema of the Russian Empire, film business, pre-revolutionary film distribution, pre-revolutionary cinemas
This article considers the main stages of the formation and development of the cinema business on the territory of modern Ukraine during the period from 1896 to 1914. The study is based on texts published in the pre-revolutionary film press. The “Pioneers of Cinema” section examines the works of Yosyp Tymchenko, Alfred Fedecki, and K. Krause. Early movie theatres in Kharkiv, Odesa, L’viv, Ekaterinoslav (Dnipro), Poltava, and other cities of Ukraine are discussed in the section “The First Cinemas”, which also discusses their repertoire. The third section, “Cinemas and the Film Distribution System”, is devoted to the formation and development of the cinema business. It first discusses how various cinemas were organised in Ukrainian cities. The second part then examines the formation and specifics of film distribution organisations.
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